HTML Entities

Character Reference Display

Different programming and markup languages encode or escape these characters in different ways. In general, you want to use the character's code point, which in UTF-8 is the so-called "U+ number" you'll find below. This is a hexadecimal number, though it may start with a 0 instead of the 0x you may be used to seeing.

Find the U+ number and use &#xnnnn;.
Find the U+ number and use \nnnn;.
Find the U+ number and use \unnnn;.

See Character entity references in HTML 4 for more information. I made this page because I could not find a more complete, more usable reference online. If you find one, let me know!

Code Glyph Description
Main List
nbsp   no-break space = non-breaking space, U+00A0 ISOnum
iexcl ¡ inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1 ISOnum
cent ¢ cent sign, U+00A2 ISOnum
pound £ pound sign, U+00A3 ISOnum
curren ¤ currency sign, U+00A4 ISOnum
yen ¥ yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5 ISOnum
brvbar ¦ broken bar = broken vertical bar, U+00A6 ISOnum
sect § section sign, U+00A7 ISOnum
uml ¨ diaeresis = spacing diaeresis, U+00A8 ISOdia
copy © copyright sign, U+00A9 ISOnum
ordf ª feminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA ISOnum
laquo « left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet, U+00AB ISOnum
not ¬ not sign, U+00AC ISOnum
shy ­ soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen, U+00AD ISOnum
reg ® registered sign = registered trade mark sign, U+00AE ISOnum
macr ¯ macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar, U+00AF ISOdia
deg ° degree sign, U+00B0 ISOnum
plusmn ± plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign, U+00B1 ISOnum
sup2 ² superscript two = superscript digit two = squared, U+00B2 ISOnum
sup3 ³ superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed, U+00B3 ISOnum
acute ´ acute accent = spacing acute, U+00B4 ISOdia
micro µ micro sign, U+00B5 ISOnum
para pilcrow sign = paragraph sign, U+00B6 ISOnum
middot · middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot, U+00B7 ISOnum
cedil ¸ cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8 ISOdia
sup1 ¹ superscript one = superscript digit one, U+00B9 ISOnum
ordm º masculine ordinal indicator, U+00BA ISOnum
raquo » right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet, U+00BB ISOnum
frac14 ¼ vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter, U+00BC ISOnum
frac12 ½ vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half, U+00BD ISOnum
frac34 ¾ vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters, U+00BE ISOnum
iquest ¿ inverted question mark = turned question mark, U+00BF ISOnum
Agrave À latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave, U+00C0 ISOlat1
Aacute Á latin capital letter A with acute, U+00C1 ISOlat1
Acirc  latin capital letter A with circumflex, U+00C2 ISOlat1
Atilde à latin capital letter A with tilde, U+00C3 ISOlat1
Auml Ä latin capital letter A with diaeresis, U+00C4 ISOlat1
Aring Å latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring, U+00C5 ISOlat1
AElig Æ latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE, U+00C6 ISOlat1
Ccedil Ç latin capital letter C with cedilla, U+00C7 ISOlat1
Egrave È latin capital letter E with grave, U+00C8 ISOlat1
Eacute É latin capital letter E with acute, U+00C9 ISOlat1
Ecirc Ê latin capital letter E with circumflex, U+00CA ISOlat1
Euml Ë latin capital letter E with diaeresis, U+00CB ISOlat1
Igrave Ì latin capital letter I with grave, U+00CC ISOlat1
Iacute Í latin capital letter I with acute, U+00CD ISOlat1
Icirc Î latin capital letter I with circumflex, U+00CE ISOlat1
Iuml Ï latin capital letter I with diaeresis, U+00CF ISOlat1
ETH Ð latin capital letter ETH, U+00D0 ISOlat1
Ntilde Ñ latin capital letter N with tilde, U+00D1 ISOlat1
Ograve Ò latin capital letter O with grave, U+00D2 ISOlat1
Oacute Ó latin capital letter O with acute, U+00D3 ISOlat1
Ocirc Ô latin capital letter O with circumflex, U+00D4 ISOlat1
Otilde Õ latin capital letter O with tilde, U+00D5 ISOlat1
Ouml Ö latin capital letter O with diaeresis, U+00D6 ISOlat1
times × multiplication sign, U+00D7 ISOnum
Oslash Ø latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash, U+00D8 ISOlat1
Ugrave Ù latin capital letter U with grave, U+00D9 ISOlat1
Uacute Ú latin capital letter U with acute, U+00DA ISOlat1
Ucirc Û latin capital letter U with circumflex, U+00DB ISOlat1
Uuml Ü latin capital letter U with diaeresis, U+00DC ISOlat1
Yacute Ý latin capital letter Y with acute, U+00DD ISOlat1
THORN Þ latin capital letter THORN, U+00DE ISOlat1
szlig ß latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed, U+00DF ISOlat1
agrave à latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave, U+00E0 ISOlat1
aacute á latin small letter a with acute, U+00E1 ISOlat1
acirc â latin small letter a with circumflex, U+00E2 ISOlat1
atilde ã latin small letter a with tilde, U+00E3 ISOlat1
auml ä latin small letter a with diaeresis, U+00E4 ISOlat1
aring å latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring, U+00E5 ISOlat1
aelig æ latin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae, U+00E6 ISOlat1
ccedil ç latin small letter c with cedilla, U+00E7 ISOlat1
egrave è latin small letter e with grave, U+00E8 ISOlat1
eacute é latin small letter e with acute, U+00E9 ISOlat1
ecirc ê latin small letter e with circumflex, U+00EA ISOlat1
euml ë latin small letter e with diaeresis, U+00EB ISOlat1
igrave ì latin small letter i with grave, U+00EC ISOlat1
iacute í latin small letter i with acute, U+00ED ISOlat1
icirc î latin small letter i with circumflex, U+00EE ISOlat1
iuml ï latin small letter i with diaeresis, U+00EF ISOlat1
eth ð latin small letter eth, U+00F0 ISOlat1
ntilde ñ latin small letter n with tilde, U+00F1 ISOlat1
ograve ò latin small letter o with grave, U+00F2 ISOlat1
oacute ó latin small letter o with acute, U+00F3 ISOlat1
ocirc ô latin small letter o with circumflex, U+00F4 ISOlat1
otilde õ latin small letter o with tilde, U+00F5 ISOlat1
ouml ö latin small letter o with diaeresis, U+00F6 ISOlat1
divide ÷ division sign, U+00F7 ISOnum
oslash ø latin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash, U+00F8 ISOlat1
ugrave ù latin small letter u with grave, U+00F9 ISOlat1
uacute ú latin small letter u with acute, U+00FA ISOlat1
ucirc û latin small letter u with circumflex, U+00FB ISOlat1
uuml ü latin small letter u with diaeresis, U+00FC ISOlat1
yacute ý latin small letter y with acute, U+00FD ISOlat1
thorn þ latin small letter thorn, U+00FE ISOlat1
yuml ÿ latin small letter y with diaeresis, U+00FF ISOlat1
Latin Extended-B
fnof ƒ latin small f with hook = function = florin, U+0192 ISOtech
Alpha Α greek capital letter alpha, U+0391
Beta Β greek capital letter beta, U+0392
Gamma Γ greek capital letter gamma, U+0393 ISOgrk3
Delta Δ greek capital letter delta, U+0394 ISOgrk3
Epsilon Ε greek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
Zeta Ζ greek capital letter zeta, U+0396
Eta Η greek capital letter eta, U+0397
Theta Θ greek capital letter theta, U+0398 ISOgrk3
Iota Ι greek capital letter iota, U+0399
Kappa Κ greek capital letter kappa, U+039A
Lambda Λ greek capital letter lambda, U+039B ISOgrk3
Mu Μ greek capital letter mu, U+039C
Nu Ν greek capital letter nu, U+039D
Xi Ξ greek capital letter xi, U+039E ISOgrk3
Omicron Ο greek capital letter omicron, U+039F
Pi Π greek capital letter pi, U+03A0 ISOgrk3
Rho Ρ greek capital letter rho, U+03A1 (there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either)
Sigma Σ greek capital letter sigma, U+03A3 ISOgrk3
Tau Τ greek capital letter tau, U+03A4
Upsilon Υ greek capital letter upsilon, U+03A5 ISOgrk3
Phi Φ greek capital letter phi, U+03A6 ISOgrk3
Chi Χ greek capital letter chi, U+03A7
Psi Ψ greek capital letter psi, U+03A8 ISOgrk3
Omega Ω greek capital letter omega, U+03A9 ISOgrk3
alpha α greek small letter alpha, U+03B1 ISOgrk3
beta β greek small letter beta, U+03B2 ISOgrk3
gamma γ greek small letter gamma, U+03B3 ISOgrk3
delta δ greek small letter delta, U+03B4 ISOgrk3
epsilon ε greek small letter epsilon, U+03B5 ISOgrk3
zeta ζ greek small letter zeta, U+03B6 ISOgrk3
eta η greek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3
theta θ greek small letter theta, U+03B8 ISOgrk3
iota ι greek small letter iota, U+03B9 ISOgrk3
kappa κ greek small letter kappa, U+03BA ISOgrk3
lambda λ greek small letter lambda, U+03BB ISOgrk3
mu μ greek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3
nu ν greek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3
xi ξ greek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3
omicron ο greek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
pi π greek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3
rho ρ greek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3
sigmaf ς greek small letter final sigma, U+03C2 ISOgrk3
sigma σ greek small letter sigma, U+03C3 ISOgrk3
tau τ greek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3
upsilon υ greek small letter upsilon, U+03C5 ISOgrk3
phi φ greek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3
chi χ greek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3
psi ψ greek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3
omega ω greek small letter omega, U+03C9 ISOgrk3
thetasym ϑ greek small letter theta symbol, U+03D1 NEW
upsih ϒ greek upsilon with hook symbol, U+03D2 NEW
piv ϖ greek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3
General Punctuation
bull bullet = black small circle, U+2022 ISOpub (bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator, U+2219)
hellip horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader, U+2026 ISOpub
prime prime = minutes = feet, U+2032 ISOtech
Prime double prime = seconds = inches, U+2033 ISOtech
oline overline = spacing overscore, U+203E NEW
frasl fraction slash, U+2044 NEW
Letterlike Symbols
weierp script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p, U+2118 ISOamso
image blackletter capital I = imaginary part, U+2111 ISOamso
real blackletter capital R = real part symbol, U+211C ISOamso
trade trade mark sign, U+2122 ISOnum
alefsym alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal, U+2135 NEW (alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef, U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters)
larr leftwards arrow, U+2190 ISOnum
uarr upwards arrow, U+2191 ISOnum
rarr rightwards arrow, U+2192 ISOnum
darr downwards arrow, U+2193 ISOnum
harr left right arrow, U+2194 ISOamsa
crarr downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return, U+21B5 NEW
lArr leftwards double arrow, U+21D0 ISOtech (ISO 10646 does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. So ? lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests)
uArr upwards double arrow, U+21D1 ISOamsa
rArr rightwards double arrow, U+21D2 ISOtech (ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests
dArr downwards double arrow, U+21D3 ISOamsa
hArr left right double arrow, U+21D4 ISOamsa
Mathematical Operators
forall for all, U+2200 ISOtech
part partial differential, U+2202 ISOtech
exist there exists, U+2203 ISOtech
empty empty set = null set = diameter, U+2205 ISOamso
nabla nabla = backward difference, U+2207 ISOtech
isin element of, U+2208 ISOtech
notin not an element of, U+2209 ISOtech
ni contains as member, U+220B ISOtech (should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'?)
prod n-ary product = product sign, U+220F ISOamsb (prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both)
sum n-ary sumation, U+2211 ISOamsb (sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both)
minus minus sign, U+2212 ISOtech
lowast asterisk operator, U+2217 ISOtech
radic square root = radical sign, U+221A ISOtech
prop proportional to, U+221D ISOtech
infin infinity, U+221E ISOtech
ang angle, U+2220 ISOamso
and logical and = wedge, U+2227 ISOtech
or logical or = vee, U+2228 ISOtech
cap intersection = cap, U+2229 ISOtech
cup union = cup, U+222A ISOtech
int integral, U+222B ISOtech
there4 therefore, U+2234 ISOtech
sim tilde operator = varies with = similar to, U+223C ISOtech (tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E, although the same glyph might be used to represent both)
cong approximately equal to, U+2245 ISOtech
asymp almost equal to = asymptotic to, U+2248 ISOamsr
ne not equal to, U+2260 ISOtech
equiv identical to, U+2261 ISOtech
le less-than or equal to, U+2264 ISOtech
ge greater-than or equal to, U+2265 ISOtech
sub subset of, U+2282 ISOtech
sup superset of, U+2283 ISOtech (note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be, for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn)
nsub not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn
sube subset of or equal to, U+2286 ISOtech
supe superset of or equal to, U+2287 ISOtech
oplus circled plus = direct sum, U+2295 ISOamsb
otimes circled times = vector product, U+2297 ISOamsb
perp up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular, U+22A5 ISOtech
sdot dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb (dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot)
Miscellaneous Technical
lceil left ceiling = apl upstile, U+2308 ISOamsc
rceil right ceiling, U+2309 ISOamsc
lfloor left floor = apl downstile, U+230A ISOamsc
rfloor right floor, U+230B ISOamsc
lang left-pointing angle bracket = bra, U+2329 ISOtech (lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark')
rang right-pointing angle bracket = ket, U+232A ISOtech (rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark')
Geometric Shapes
loz lozenge, U+25CA ISOpub
Miscellaneous Symbols
spades black spade suit, U+2660 ISOpub (black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow)
clubs black club suit = shamrock, U+2663 ISOpub
hearts black heart suit = valentine, U+2665 ISOpub
diams black diamond suit, U+2666 ISOpub
C0 Controls and Basic Latin
quot " quotation mark = APL quote, U+0022 ISOnum
amp & ampersand, U+0026 ISOnum
lt < less-than sign, U+003C ISOnum
gt > greater-than sign, U+003E ISOnum
Latin Extended-A
OElig Πlatin capital ligature OE, U+0152 ISOlat2
oelig œ latin small ligature oe, U+0153 ISOlat2 (ligature is a misnomer, this is a separate character in some languages)
Scaron Š latin capital letter S with caron, U+0160 ISOlat2
scaron š latin small letter s with caron, U+0161 ISOlat2
Yuml Ÿ latin capital letter Y with diaeresis, U+0178 ISOlat2
Spacing Modifier Letters
circ ˆ modifier letter circumflex accent, U+02C6 ISOpub
tilde ˜ small tilde, U+02DC ISOdia
General Punctuation
ensp en space, U+2002 ISOpub
emsp em space, U+2003 ISOpub
thinsp thin space, U+2009 ISOpub
zwnj zero width non-joiner, U+200C NEW RFC 2070
zwj zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
lrm left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070
rlm right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070
ndash en dash, U+2013 ISOpub
mdash em dash, U+2014 ISOpub
lsquo left single quotation mark, U+2018 ISOnum
rsquo right single quotation mark, U+2019 ISOnum
sbquo single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW
ldquo left double quotation mark, U+201C ISOnum
rdquo right double quotation mark, U+201D ISOnum
bdquo double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW
dagger dagger, U+2020 ISOpub
Dagger double dagger, U+2021 ISOpub
permil per mille sign, U+2030 ISOtech
lsaquo single left-pointing angle quotation mark, U+2039 ISO proposed (lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized)
rsaquo single right-pointing angle quotation mark, U+203A ISO proposed (rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized)
euro euro sign, U+20AC NEW